Questions and Best Answers

Courses


Tag

A.      AGENT FACTORS: Deficiency of energy & proteins in diet. Marginal or precipitated by secondary factors- Diarrhoea, RTI, worm infestations, Malaria etc.

B.      HOST FACTORS:

1.       AGE: Kwarshiorkor is common in children between 1-3 years. Marasmus is common in under 5 age group.

2.       SEX: Common in female child due to traditional negligence.

3.       WEANING: Marasmus is common with prolonged breast feeding without introduction of weaning. Kwarshiorkor is associated with early weaning due to variety of reasons.

4.       INFECTIONS: Vicious cycle of PEM & infection.

C.      ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS:

1.       SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS: Associated with poverty. Poor people vulnerable during scarcity.

2.       BIOLOGICAL FACTORS: Poor environmental sanitation, poor housing, overcrowding facilities GI & RTI infection. Precipitate PEM aggravating the marginal deficiency.

3.       CUSTOMS/ HABITS: Not feeding child with colostrums. Regular administration of cathartics. Restriction of food in children during diarrhoea. Less attention to female child.

4.       COOKING PRACTICES: Improper5 cooking practice lead to loss of essential nutrients.

;